JMP: "Do States Screen or Signal?"
PE Students on the Market: Noam Reich (POL)
PE Students on the Market: Parth Parihar (ECO)
JMP: "Policy Decay and the Determinants of Gridlock"
Zhao Li: How Internal Constraints Shape Interest Group Activities
Interest groups contribute much less to campaigns than legally allowed. Consequently, prevailing theories infer these contributions must yield minimal returns. I argue constraints on PAC fundraising may also explain why interest groups give little.
Gleason Judd: Access and Lobbying in Legislatures
I study a model of legislative policymaking with interest groups. To lobby, groups must have access. Access provides opportunities to lobby particular legislators when they control the agenda. In equilibrium, persistent access creates a tradeoff. It changes legislature-wide expectations, thereby affecting which policies pass today.
Mica Sviatschi: Making a Gangster
This paper provides new evidence on how criminal skills exported from the US affect gang development in El Salvador and child migration to the US. In 1996, the US Illegal Immigration Responsibility Act drastically increased the number of criminal deportations. In particular, the members of large Salvadoran gangs that developed in Los Angeles...
Germán Gieczewski: Policy Persistence and Drift in Organizations
I analyze the evolution of organizations that allow free entry and exit of members, such as cities, trade unions, sports clubs and cooperatives. Current members choose a policy for the organization, but this, in turn, may lead to new agents joining or dissatisfied members leaving, yielding a new set of policymakers tomorrow.
Leeat Yariv: Affirmative Action in the Lab
We present results from laboratory experiments studying the impacts of affirmative- action policies. We induce statistical discrimination in simple labor-market interactions between firms and workers. We then introduce affirmative-action policies that vary in the size and duration of a subsidy firms receive for hiring discriminated-against...
PE Students on the Market: Ted Enamorado
Integrating information from multiple sources plays a key role in social science research.
Thomas Fujiwara: The Origins of Human Pro-Sociality
Human pro-sociality towards non-kin is ubiquitous and almost unique in the animal kingdom. It remains poorly understood, though a proliferation of theories has arisen to explain it. We present evidence from survey data and from laboratory treatment of experimental subjects that is consistent with a set of theories based on group level selection...