The Charmed Life of Superstar Exporters: Survey Evidence on Firms and Trade Policy

TitleThe Charmed Life of Superstar Exporters: Survey Evidence on Firms and Trade Policy
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsOsgood I, Tingley D, Bernauer T, Kim ISong, Milner HV, Spilker G
JournalThe Journal of Politics
Volume79
Issue1
Pagination133
Date PublishedJan 2017
ISBN Number00223816
KeywordsComparative advantage, Costa Rica, Exporters, Lobbying, Political behavior, Political Science, Trade liberalization, Trade policy
AbstractWhat factors determine firms' attitudes toward trade policy? This paper considers producers' policy preferences and political behavior in light of two key patterns in modern international trade: industries that face import competition often have many exporters, and foreign sales are concentrated in the hands of a small number of "superstar" exporters. Using a new survey of Costa Rican firms matched to systematic firm-level data on export behavior, we find that firm features are generally more important predictors of attitudes toward trade liberalization than industry-wide comparative advantage. We also show that export intensity is strongly associated with interest and lobbying activity on trade policy. The largest exporters, who are the strongest supporters of global integration, dominate trade politics. [web URL: http://www.journals.uchicago.edu/doi/abs/10.1086/687207]
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