The slave trade and the origins of mistrust in Africa

TitleThe slave trade and the origins of mistrust in Africa
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2011
AuthorsNunn N, Wantchekon L
JournalAmerican economic review
Pagination - 3252
Date PublishedDec 2011
ISBN Number0002-8282, 0002-8282
KeywordsAfrica, Causality, Economic theory, Economics, Ethnic groups, Foreign direct investment, Indian Ocean, International trade, Slave trade
AbstractWe show that current differences in trust levels within Africa can be traced back to the transatlantic and Indian Ocean slave trades. Combining contemporary individual-level survey data with historical data on slave shipments by ethnic group, we find that individuals whose ancestors were heavily raided during the slave trade are less trusting today. Evidence from a variety of identification strategies suggests that the relationship is causal. Examining causal mechanisms, we show that most of the impact of the slave trade is through factors that are internal to the individual, such as cultural norms, beliefs, and values. (JEL J15, N57, Z13) [PUBLICATION ABSTRACT]